Throughout the northern hemisphere of the world, close to 50 varieties of dogwoods (Cornus) exist. 7 Stunning Types of Dogwood Trees - Photos & Care Guide, Japanese Maple Tree - Care and Growing Tips, Different Types of Maple Trees with Pictures, Best Christmas Tree Farms in North Hampton, NH, Autumn Blaze Maple Tree - Growing & Care Guide, Clementine Tree Care and Propagation Tips. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Variegated dogwood shrubs should be planted from late fall to early spring, while they are dormant. Preparation. Size of Tree: Height: 20 to 30 feet Spread: 25 to 30 feet. Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) ‘Appalachian Spring’ is a deciduous, multi-branched shrub or small tree that reaches a height of 20 to 25 feet tall with a crown spreading up to 20 feet.Leaves are opposite, simple, medium green and slightly larger than the native flowering dogwood. While both shrubs and the trees belong to the same genus: Cornus, the shrubs will never become trees.There are two species of dogwood shrubs: Cornus alba, which is the Tatarian dogwood, and Cornus sericea, which is the Redosier dogwood.Both species are much alike in their cultural needs. Dogwood shrubs let you enjoy many of the characteristics of dogwood trees on a smaller scale. All summer long this bushy shrub has attractive green leaves edged in creamy-white, adding sparkle and color to any part of your garden.Then in fall and winter the bare stems glow, with rich red bark that really makes them stand out against snow or evergreens. They are most popular among birds. This tree is native to parts of Asia, including China and Japan, and is accordingly also known as Chinese dogwood and Japanese dogwood. This is an evergreen plant that can be grown as a tree or large shrub. Dogwood Tree Care. Kousa Dogwood Care. Early every spring hundreds of bright, cotton white blooms will emerge all over the tree. These include American dogwood, Florida dogwood, white dogwood, Indian arrowwood, white cornel, Cornelian tree, false box, and false boxwood. It will grow in a variety of soil conditions, including wet soils, dry soils, and poor soils, though will perform best in a well-draining soil that is kept evenly moist. The flowers give way to clusters of pink-red berries. The oval foliage of the tree is dark green, and typically each leaf measures around four inches long. Adding a generous amount of mulch will help retain the water and cut down on watering tasks. The plant produces many suckers that allow it to spread to a wide shrub, but if grown as a tree, you will need to remove suckers as they appear and focus on one central stem to form the trunk of the tree. Closely examine the leaves. Variegated leaves and white berries of 'Argenteo-marginata' Growing Tatarian dogwood. Powdery mildew, an unsightly fungal infection, doesn't usually kill the tree but probably weakens it until another pest comes along and delivers the final blow. Read on to learn all the dogwood tree information you need to know to add this flowering ornamental species to your yard and have it thrive for decades to come, including dogwood trees planting and care … Wedding cake tree care for young plants should be consistent until establishment but mature variegated giant dogwood trees are quite hardy and tolerant provided they are kept moist. A branch that grows beneath the grafting point will have characteristics of one of the original trees used for the hybrid, rather than the hybrid dogwood itself. In spring, flowers bloom along the bare branches before the arrival of foliage. Shoots that have reverted to solid green should be pruned out because they grow aggressively and will take over the variegated portion of the shrub. Plant Details. Each spring remove any dead or damaged wood. The Akatsuki Dogwood (Cornus Kousa ‘Akatsuki”) is recommended for USDA growing zones 5-8 and is a small, deciduous tree that reaches a mature height and width of only 8-10 feet.It’s a perfect addition to any small garden that needs color all year long. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Noted for its colorful stems and twigs in winter, Cornus alba (Tatarian Dogwood) is a medium-sized ornamental shrub with great appeal. This tree is native to the Himilayan mountains and is also known by the common name of Himalayan dogwood. Cornus alternifolia: Pagoda Dogwood. Grow this plant in a well-draining soil that is rich in organic content and kept consistently moist. Even in winter, this bare tree is interesting to look at, with an attractively shaped skeleton and mottled gray-brown bark. She has traveled extensively to such places as India and Sri Lanka to widen and enhance her writing and knowledge base. Apply 1 inch of water per week during the summer if there is not ample rainfall, according to the National Gardening Association. It also has more tolerance for alkaline soil than does flowering dogwood. It can be grown as a small to medium tree or a large shrub. The blooms consist of a cluster of tiny flowers that are surrounded by large white bracts that mimic the look of petals. Besides leaf color (with brighter color), all … The tree has a horizontal branching habit that gives it a flat canopy shape. In early summer, the plant produces tiny berry-like flowers that are surrounded by four white bracts. It is commonly known as the wedding cake dogwood because of the way its horizontal branches are layered on top of each other to resemble the look of a tiered wedding cake. These species are known as flowering dogwood tree, Kousa dogwood, pagoda dogwood, redtwig dogwood, pink dogwood, yellow twig dogwood, ivory halo dogwood, variegated dogwood, and white flowering dogwood. It can be grown in full sun or partial shade and thrives in moist, well-draining soils. It is small to medium in size, with a mature height ranging from 30 to 80 feet. All Rights Reserved. The tree can be pruned prior to flowering or during flowering. It thrives in a well-draining soil that is kept evenly moist, though it does have some tolerance of drought once established. This type of wedding cake dogwood tree is also typically around ten to twenty feet smaller than the standard wedding cake dogwood. In fall, the leaves fade to deep shades of red and purple before dropping to the ground. The foliage of these trees is ovate, and each leaf can measure between three and six inches long. Dogwoods enjoy moist, well-draining soil conditions. These must be promptly removed to maintain the tree's overall appearance. Plant variegated dogwood trees in full sunlight to maintain their variegation color. Fertilize in the spring with a well balanced 10-10-10 or 12-12-12 fertilizer. The undersides of the leaves have a furry texture. Due to its year-round appeal and small size, dogwood tree is one of the most sought after ornamental plants in Northern America. Dogwood Tree Care: Disease and Pests Aphids and powdery mildew can be a problem, but a fungicidal application and horticultural oils in spring can help prevent insects and diseases. In the United States 17 grow. Hardiness zone: 3 to 7; Plant in full sun to part shade; Best soil properties for Tatarian dogwood: Sandy to clay soils. These bracts look like petals, and they are considered to be the flowers of the plant, although they do not technically fit this description. Around 80 cultivars now exist and most are available in variegated leaf form, according to the University of Tennessee. Cultivars and Varieties: Cornus alba 'Sibirica'-Siberian Dogwood, Cornus alba 'Kesselringii'-Black Stem Dogwood, Cornus alba ‘Elegantissima’-White Dogwood. These fruits are edible though they are not considered to be very tasty and are usually only consumed by birds. Once established, water the tree at least up to six inches. Dogwood trees require very little pruning. A good rule of thumb is to apply 1 cup of fertilizer for every inch of diameter in the tree's trunk. It thrives in a well-draining soil that is kept evenly moist, though it does have some tolerance of drought once established. 15 Popular Types of Dogwood The flowering dogwood is the most commonly planted, due to its showy nature. By mid-summer, the flowers will give way to dense clusters of berries that are usually white flushed with hints of blue. This large shrub/ medium tree grows to 1… Tiny flowers are borne in dense clusters, sometimes with … Cultivars and Varieties: Cornus kousa 'Miss Satomi', Cornus kousa' China Girl', Cornus kousa' White Fountain'. However, adding a generous layer of mulch will … Family Cornaceae . While the Dogwood is most notably an ornamental tree, particularly in North America, some varieties, like Cornus kousa and Cornus mas are sold as fruit trees. The blooms give way to berries in summer, which are pink-red and round in shape. Aesthetically, this tree looks very similar to the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) but can be distinguished by its branches that have a more upright habit. The varying layers of the cell tissue of the leaf will show varying effects, which create cream- or white-colored variegation to occur, mixed with areas of the leaf that contain ample chlorophyll to maintain its green coloration. Then unique variegated leaves will fill in. Low limbs can be removed if they impend walkways or other areas. For care of flowering dogwood trees, regular watering once a week to a depth of 6 inches should suffice. Adequate water will help insure the variegated dogwood maintains its health and appearance. It is native to Siberia, Korea and parts of China and can be grown as a small tree, or a medium to large shrub. It has leathery leaves in a bright shade of green, which sometimes takes on a purple color in the fall. Cultivars and Varieties: Cornus nuttallii 'Goldspot'. The tree blooms in late spring, with flattened panicles of small white flowers clustered together. Grow the dogwood tree in filtered sunlight, in an area with low humidity and sheltered from high winds. Giant Dogwood Information Select a healthy, pencil-thick variegated dogwood branch long enough to supply the number of cuttings. The Variegated Red Twig Dogwood brings many attractive features to your garden in every month of the year. Begin fertilizing the dogwood tree in its second year of life. By fall, the leaves develop to rich shades of purple and red before dropping from the tree. Solve this simple math problem and enter the result. This tree has a vigorous growth habit and typically reaches around ten feet in height, though there are varieties that are much smaller or taller. Planting & Care for Deciduous Shrub – Dogwood . Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. In spring, the leaves are a combination of bright green and white with variegated edges. Scientific Name: Cornus florida Common Name (s): Flowering Dogwood, American Box Growing Zone (USA / UK Hardiness): 5 to 9 / H5 to — 15°C. It provides all year interest in spite of being deciduous. Apply the fertilizer when the buds of the tree first appear. It will provide visual interest in every season and works well in the small home garden . The plant's common name derives from the tiered, pagoda-like shape of the growth habit, and the Latin species name derives from the alternate position of the leaves on the stems. This type of dogwood is highly ornamental, making a colorful display that changes with the seasons. Graceful and spectacular, Cornus controversa 'Variegata' (Wedding Cake Tree) is a small deciduous tree with beautifully layered horizontal branches. Plant variegated dogwood trees in full sunlight to maintain their variegation color. This deciduous plant is native to Southwest Asia and Southern Europe. The gray bark has a crocodile skin pattern on it, which becomes more pronounced as the tree ages. They often feature attractive foliage, showy flower panicles, pretty fruits, and brightly colored stems, retaining interest all year round. These berries are edible and resemble the taste of cherries and cranberries. This deciduous plant can be grown as a small tree or large shrub. The fall coloring is a mottled red and then turns into a deep red come winter. In spring, the tree blooms with showy clusters of tiny yellow flowers that arrive on the bare branches. Fertilize the tree with a water-based fertilizer during spring and summer months. In warm summer climates, this plant is much more likely to fall victim to disease. for 1+3, enter 4. The most popular example of this tree is the 'Variegata' cultivar, which has green leaves with creamy white margins. The stems are red and the ovate green leaves are adorned with bright creamy margins. To produce yellow or cream variegation, some yellow pigment must exist within the leaf. When planted in the shade the green pigmentation will take over the leaf and soon the variegation will begin to disappear. It has won several awards for its outstanding qualities. Some hybrid or variegated dogwood varieties are created by grafting together two separate dogwood trees. Variegated cultivars often show instability in their growth patterns and they will often develop shoots that contain all green leaves. Throughout the northern hemisphere of the world, close to 50 varieties of dogwoods (Cornus) exist. Flowers appear in late spring, in clusters filled with small cream-colored flowers that measure around two inches across. Genus Cornus can be deciduous shrubs or trees, or creeping, woody-based perennials, some with brightly coloured young stems. Though the trees have similar landscape uses, 'Wolf Eyes' is a superior plant in some ways. Small creamy white flowers in flat clusters bloom in June. All variegated dogwood trees and shrubs grow slower than green leaf varieties. In fall through to late winter, the stems of this deciduous plant are bare, but they are a feast for the eyes in bright shades of red. It can grow in full sun or partial shade but is not heat-tolerant. Fertilize the tree after it reaches two years of age with a 12-4-8 formula, at the rate suggested on the package, in February and June. Provide 1 inch of water a week during the growing season. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, blooming dogwood tree image by Jorge Moro from Fotolia.com, University of Tennessee: Dogwoods For American Gardens, University of Arkansas: Plant of the Week Variegated Redstem Dogwood.